You are playing a game of paint ball. Two of your friends are hiding
behind trees that are 10 feet apart. Where could you possibly stand
so that your firing distance to each friend is exactly the same length?
At first it may seem that there is only ONE spot to
where you are the same distance from both of your friends - that
spot being directly between your friends, 5 feet from each friend.
But, as the diagram shows, there are actually many spots that will
position you exactly the same distance from both friends. Notice
the formation of the isosceles triangles, where the congruent (equal)
sides represent the distances to each friend.
different positions where you might stand form the locus of points
equidistant (equally distant) from your two friends. This line is the perpendicular
bisector of the segment joining your two friends.
Stated formally, we have our next
Theorem 3: (two points)
The locus of
points equidistant from two points, P and Q, is
the perpendicular bisector of the line segment determined by the