Regents Prep: Global History & Geography
Multiple-Choice Questions
Regents Prep Global History & Geography: Topical Multiple-Choice Question Archive
Use of Topical Archive Multiple-Choice Questions
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Religions & Philosophies: Question 1 of 26
Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the Great Pyramid in Egypt are examples of
  1. architectural accomplishments that reflect religious beliefs
  2. the influence of Buddhist architecture on conquered nations
  3. ancient architectural monuments no longer in use
  4. the influence of cultural diffusion on contemporary architecture

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Each of these architectural examples are religious in nature and thus reflect the religious beliefs of those societies that built them.


Religions & Philosophies: Question 2 of 26
Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share a belief in
  1. the central authority of the Pope
  2. a prohibition of the consumption of port
  3. reincarnation and the Four Noble Truths
  4. monotheism and ethical conduct

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: All of these religions believe in one god and that people should treat each other kindly.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 3 of 26
Which is a valid statement about the history of South Asia?
  1. Religious beliefs have both unified and divided the people of the region.
  2. Little cultural diffusion has occurred in this region.
  3. Urbanization has strengthened the traditional beliefs and lifestyles of the people of the region.
  4. Superpower involvement has brought peace and economic prosperity to the region.

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: While Hinduism and Islam have each served to unify South Asia (Indian sub-continent) at one time or another, they have also led to conflict during times such as the movement for Indian independence and the numerous boundary disputes between India and Pakistan.


Religions & Philosophies: Question 4 of 26
“When I go to the office, I put on my shirt and I take off my caste; when I come home, I take off my shirt and I put on my caste.”

What is the main idea of this quotation?
  1. the caste system continues to influence Indian society
  2. the caste system has been reflected by most Indians
  3. successful urban workers in India belong the same Caste
  4. the Indian government officially supports the Caste system

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: While the Caste System has been outlawed in India, it is still a traditional custom which affects many Indians.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 5 of 26
According the teachings of Confucius, the key to the successful organization of society is that
  1. the ruler should be chosen democratically
  2. the evil in humans must be eliminated
  3. ancestor worship should be discontinued
  4. individuals should know and do what is expected of them

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Confucianism teaches that society needs to be ordered. In such a society, individuals should know and do what is expected of them.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 6 of 26
In traditional Chinese culture, which philosophy had the greatest influence on the development of social order and political organization?
  1. Taoism
  2. Shintoism
  3. Confucianism
  4. Marxism

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Confucianism teaches that society needs to be ordered. In such a society, individuals should know and do what is expected of them.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 7 of 26
The teachings of Confucius encouraged people to
  1. put their own interests first
  2. reject government authority
  3. believe in reincarnation
  4. follow a code of moral conduct

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Confucianism teaches that society needs to be ordered. In such a society, individuals should know and do what is expected of them, and a follow a code of moral conduct.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 8 of 26
In Japan, the martial arts, the tea ceremony, and flower arranging best reflect the influences of
  1. imperialism and militarism
  2. Buddhism and Shintoism
  3. capitalism
  4. mercantilism

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Martial arts, the tea ceremony, and flower are closely associated with the practice of Buddhism and Shintoism in Japan.


Religions & Philosophies: Question 9 of 26
A person who practices the Shinto faith would be most likely to
  1. visit a shrine placed on the shore of a lake
  2. pray five times a day
  3. bathe in the Ganges River
  4. make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Shinto places a great emphasis on nature and the kami, or spirits, which inhabit all living things.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 10 of 26
Taoism and Shintoism are similar in that both religions stress
  1. adhering to the five Confucian relationships
  2. following the Eightfold Path
  3. developing harmony between humans and nature
  4. believing in one God

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Taoism is a Chinese philosophy which focuses on nature by emphasizing “the way.” This philosophy dictates that people should passively accept nature in order to be in harmony with it. The Japanese Shinto faith states that all living things are inhabited by kami, or spirits.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 11 of 26
One similarity between the Five Pillars of Islam and the Ten Commandments is that both
  1. support a belief in reincarnation
  2. promote learning as a means to salvation
  3. encourage the use of statues to symbolize God
  4. provide a guide to proper ethical and moral behavior

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Both the Five Pillars and the Ten Commandments provide rules to guide proper behavior. For example, one of the Five Pillars states that Muslims must “give alms to the poor,” and one of the Ten Commandments states that “thou shall not kill.”

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 12 of 26
One way in which Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, and Protestantism are similar is that each
  1. accepts the supreme authority of the Pope
  2. rejects the Old Testament as part of the Bible
  3. is a branch of Christianity
  4. was once the official religion of the Byzantine Empire

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Each of these three religious denominations holds Jesus of Nazareth as the savior of mankind.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 13 of 26
The Koran, jihad, and the hegira are most closely associated with the practice of
  1. Islam
  2. Judaism
  3. Shinto
  4. Buddhism

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The Koran is the holy book of Islam, consisting of the prophet Mohammed’s teachings. Mohammed instructed Muslims that anyone who died in a jihad (holy war) would go directly to heaven. In 632 AD, Mohammed was forced to flee from Mecca to Medina. This event is the starting point of the Muslim calendar and is referred to as the Hegira.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 14 of 26
The Buddhist religion teaches that salvation is earned by
  1. following the Ten Commandments
  2. worshiping Allah as the one true god
  3. learning to give up selfish desire
  4. being baptized and confirmed

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Buddha taught that the root cause of all suffering was desire, and that to end one’s desire would end their suffering as well.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 15 of 26
Confucianism in traditional China served to
  1. maintain social order
  2. create ethnic unrest
  3. emphasize material wealth
  4. support democratic government

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Kong Fu Zi taught that society needed to be ordered, as exemplified by the Five Relationships. If order was not maintained, then society would crumble.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 16 of 26
Traditional animistic beliefs in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are based on
  1. a desire for wealth
  2. a written tradition
  3. an appreciation for the forces of nature
  4. a willingness to accept Christianity

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: All forms of Animism center around an appreciation for nature which is exhibited by the belief that many Animists hold that all living things contain spirits.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 17 of 26
Jewish religions and cultural identity has been greatly influenced by
  1. Ramadan and the concept of reincarnation
  2. the Torah and the Diaspora
  3. the New Testament and the Four Noble Truths
  4. the Koran and the code of bushido

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: The Torah is the Jewish holy book. The Diaspora refers to the world-wide scattering of Jews after they were forced to leave their homeland in the Middle East by the Romans.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 18 of 26
In India, the Caste system determined a person’s occupation, personal associations, and marriage partner. This situation shows that the Caste system
  1. has helped eliminate ethnic and religious rivalries
  2. has promoted social mobility within Indian society
  3. has been stronger in urban areas that in rural areas
  4. has been a way of life as well as an element of religion

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: The Hindu Caste system is reinforced both by religious elements associated with reincarnation such as karma and dharma, as well as social practices in India.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 19 of 26
Mansa Musa’s journey to Mecca in the 1300’s is evidence that
  1. the Crusades had a great influence on western Africa
  2. most African leaders were educated in the Middle East
  3. European culture was superior to the cultures of western Africa
  4. Islam had a major influence on the Mali Empire

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Mansa Musa was fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Islam by making a pilgrimage from Mali to Mecca. This indicates that Islam had a major influence on the Mali Empire, because one of its greatest rulers was a practicing Muslim.


Religions & Philosophies: Question 20 of 26
“From as early as I can remember, the Emperor was an important presence even in our remote home. He was a descendant of the gods from thousands of years before, never to be looked at or listened to by mere mortals, a presence to be revered and protected and obeyed…Finally…, my family and neighbors gathered around the radio and listened in stunned silence to the voice that had never before been heard, saying he was only human after all. Everyone was crying. I was sad and confused…”

The attitudes toward the Emperor expressed in this passage were based in the traditions of
  1. Shintoism
  2. Christianity
  3. Islam
  4. Judaism

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Shintoism is the Japanese religion that stresses the link between people and forces of nature. This also includes a belief in the divinity of the Japanese Emperors.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 21 of 26
“Beginning with childhood, all of man’s study is centered on one aim alone — to emerge successfully from the three days’ examination — and all he has in his mind is what success can bring to him in terms of power, influence, and prestige.”

-Ye Shib, Chinese scholar

This quotation refers to the Chinese
  1. civil service system
  2. social welfare system
  3. contemplation of nature
  4. religious practices

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: The Chinese civil service exam centered on the teachings of Confucius. Confucianism teaches that society needs to be ordered. In such a society, individuals should know and do what is expected of them, and a follow a code of moral conduct.


Religions & Philosophies: Question 22 of 26
The Eightfold Path, the Four Noble Truths, and the concept of nirvana are associated with the religion of
  1. Islam
  2. Jainism
  3. Shinto
  4. Buddhism

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Buddhism developed in India, and is based on many of the core concepts of Hinduism. Buddha taught that the root cause of all suffering was desire, and that to end one’s desire would end their suffering as well. This was accomplished by following the Eightfold Path. The ultimate goal of Buddhism is reaching nirvana, or spiritual enlightenment.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 23 of 26
One way in which the Vedas, the Bible, and the Koran are similar is that these religious books
  1. provide guidelines to govern the behavior of believers
  2. deny the existence of a supreme being who rules the universe
  3. encourage strife between segments of believers
  4. support political rebellions to overthrow existing governments

Correct Answer Number: 1

Explanation: Religious writings in many civilizations provide guidance on moral behavior.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 24 of 26
Which values are most closely associated with the fundamental principles of Buddhism?
  1. competition and financial success
  2. maintaining the caste system and providing education for all people
  3. practicing nonviolence and giving up worldly desires
  4. self-determination and democracy

Correct Answer Number: 3

Explanation: Buddha taught that the root cause of all suffering was desire, and that to end one’s desire would end their suffering as well. This was accomplished by following the Eightfold Path. The ultimate goal of Buddhism is reaching nirvana, or spiritual enlightenment.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 25 of 26
A belief of animism is that
  1. after death the soul is reborn in another human form
  2. holy wars must be fought to gain entry into heaven
  3. meditation leads followers to nirvana
  4. spirits of nature inhabit all living and nonliving objects

Correct Answer Number: 4

Explanation: Animists practice nature worship. They believe that everything in the universe has a spirit. This is exemplified by the practices of the Plains Indians in North America who would praise the spirit of the buffalo that they killed for giving its life to them so that they might survive. Animists also believed that ancestors watch over the living from the spirit world. This belief resulted in ancestor worship as a means of communicating with and showing respect to ancestors.

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Religions & Philosophies: Question 26 of 26
The Analects:

“In his [the leader] personal conduct, he was respectful. In his serving his superiors, he was reverent. In his nourishing the people, he was kind. In governing the people, he was righteous.”

— Confucius

These selections show that the ancient civilizations who developed these concepts placed emphasis on
  1. anarchy
  2. law
  3. trade
  4. architecture

Correct Answer Number: 2

Explanation: Confucianism teaches that society needs to be ordered. In such a society, individuals should know and do what is expected of them, and a follow a code of moral conduct.

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